Kerinci National Park is a nature conservation area. An area of 1.368 million hectares (results boundaries) is located in four provinces, namely: West Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu and South Sumatra. Formation of Kerinci National Park is the result of the union of several Kerinci conservation areas like: Inderapura Nature Reserve and Bukit Tapan, Wildlife Rawasa Huku Lakitan-Hill Wood moisture and Gedang Seblat. The region serves as a hydro-orologis which are vital to the surrounding area. In the nature reserve are protected forest area and forest production. Forest area function to produce water to meet the water needs of the people who live along the riverbanks as Batang River and river Musi. Given the vital role of the forest, then on October 4, 1982 to coincide with the World Congress on National Parks held in Bali, the government made the Kerinci National Park area as protected forest areas.
Geographically Kerinci National Park is located on line 100 ° 31’18 “- 102 ° 44 ‘east longitude and 17’13” -326’14’ South Latitude. Kerinci National Park has an area of 1.368 million hectares, with the details: an area of 353 780 ha (25.86%) were in the province of West Sumatra, 422 190 ha (30.86%) were in the province of Jambi, 310 910 ha (22.73 %) is located in Bengkulu Province; and an area of 281 120 ha (20.55%) is located in the province of South Sumatra. Region Kerinci National Park covers an area of 43 districts and 134 villages. Most of the park is the South Bukit Barisan mountain range in the central part of the island of Sumatra. The topography of the Kerinci National Park which is located at an altitude between 200 to 3,805 meters above sea level is bumpy, steep slopes and sharp. While the relatively flat topography of the park, there are at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level, or are in the enclave which is located in Kerinci district.
In the Kerinci National Park there are several types of forest ecosystems. Such as lowland forest ecosystems, sub-alpine ecosystems and some unique ecosystems such as peat bogs, freshwater swamps and lakes.. Kerinci National Park also has a primary forest with some type of vegetation. The main vegetation types dominated formations such as: lowland vegetation is above 200 to 600m above sea level (asl); Vegetation forest with mountain / hill at an altitude of 1500m above sea level 600 to; montane forest vegetation at an altitude of 1,500 to 2,500 m above sea level; forest undergrowth vegetation Gleichenia / ferns that grow at an altitude of 2,500 to 2.800m asl and final sub-alpine forest vegetation that grows on the level of a 2,300 to 3.200m asl.
In Kerinci National Park area in general is growing around 4,000 species of flora from 63 families. There are many types of flora in the forest areas dominated by Dipterocarpaceae, Leguminosae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Bommacaceae, Moraceae, Anacardiaceae, Myristicaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Meliaceae. While at an altitude of 500 m to 2000 m above sea level, the type of flora that grow in this forest dominated by Fagaceae family, Erycaceae and sub-alpine shrubs from Vaccinium types and rhododendrons.
In Kerinci National Park there are also types of vegetation that characterizes the park, among which are: Histiopteris insica (highest vascular plant) which can be found on the walls of the crater of Mount Kerinci, various types of Nepenthes sp, Pinus mercusii strain Kerinci, Wood bloodsucker (Harpullia arborea), flower Rafflesia (Rafflesia arnoldi), Agathis sp. In 1993, Biological Science Club (BScC) conducts research in the area of the buffer zone and they discovered 115 species of vegetation ethnobotanical. This vegetation type can be used for medicine, cosmetics, food, mosquito repellent and household purposes, such as frequently used by the local community.
Fauna contained in the Kerinci National Park recorded 42 species of mammals, 10 species of reptiles, 6 types ampibia, 306 species of birds from 49 families and 8 species of endemic birds. Several species of mammals that can be found include: Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis), Sumatran elephants (Elephas maximus sumatrensis), Tiger Tree (Neopholis nebulosa), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrensis), Golden Cat (Felis termminnckii), Tapir (Tapirus indica) , mountain goats (Capricornis sumatrensis). Amphibia types include: Horned Frogs (Mesophyrs nasuta); primates: Siamang (Sympalagus syndactylus) Agile gibbon (Hylobates agilis), wau-wau Black (Hylobates lar), Loop (Presbytis melalobates), monkey (Macaca nemestrina) and Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) and endemic bird species such as: Bird Tiung Sumatra (Cochoa Becari), Quail Gonggong (Arborophila rubirostris), Bird Plop (Otus stresemanni) and Bird Abang Pipi (Laphora inornata).
Kerinci National Park is a special tourist destination. Kerinci National Park is the perfect place for nature lovers who like to roam in the forest. Trekking to the centers of the resort should be guided by an experienced officer. If you want to spend the night, you can be accompanied by local residents to bring your tent and cooking equipment. Kerinci National Park is an area that is difficult because the slope is 90 degrees, muddy and there is a rocky small river.
Before visiting Kerinci National Park, you must hold a license from the Central Office Board SIMAKSI National Park II (State II) in the Sulaiman Khatib street no. 46 Padang. Phone / Fax: 0751-447668. To save time should you spend the night in the woods so you can enjoy a natural, beautiful flora and fauna. The thing you should consider is to bring extra clothes, supplies, tents, lighting and salt to prevent the snake came to around tents, tobacco to protect you from leech bites and repellents.
How to get there
To reach the location can be reached by road with some alternatives:
The first alternative, with the location of the park is located in the province of Jambi: journey starts from the city of Jambi to the River Filled with a distance of about 500 km, with a travel time of about 10 hours by public transportation, rental car or private car.
The second alternative to the location of the park is located in the province of West Sumatra: the trip can be started from the city of Padang to Tapan, then proceed to the Full River with a distance of 278 km, with a travel time of about 7 hours by public transportation, rental car or private car.
The third alternative to the location of the park is located in the province of West Sumatra: the journey starts from Padang to Muaralabuh, then proceed to Kersik Tuo. Distance from the city of Padang to a location about 211 km and can be reached in about 5-6 hours using public transportation, rental car or private car.
Fourth alternative to the location of the park is located in the province of Bengkulu: journey starts from Bengkulu to Muara Aman, with a travel time of about 4 hours by public transportation, rental car or private car.
The fifth alternative to the location of the park is located in the province of Bengkulu: journey starts from Bengkulu to Argamakmur takes about 2 hours by public transportation, rental car or private car.
Sixth alternative to park location is in the area of South Sumatra Province: journey starts from Bengkulu to Lubuk Linggau, with a travel time of about 3 hours by public transportation, rental car or private car.
Seventh alternative to the location of the park is located in the province of South Sumatra: the journey starts from Palembang to Lubuk Linggau, with a travel time of about 6 hours by public transportation, rental car or private car.
In Sungai Penuh city, many hotels that can be occupied by the tourists to stay. The price for a relatively inexpensive rooms with rates ranging from Rp. 50000.00 until Rp.100.000,00 per night per room (February 2008). For matters of eating and drinking, it is not fitting that during in Kerinci not try to eat rice Payo, Curried Fish Semah, Jerky Beteko, Nuts Tojin, Lemang and Orange Pelompek, or drinking coffee and tea Kerinci Kayu Aro.