Karimun jawa is an archipelago of 27 islands in the Java Sea, Indonesia, approximately 80 kilometres northwest of Jepara, The islands’ name means ‘a stone’s throw from Java’ in Javanese. They have a total land area of 78 km2. The main island is known as Karimun (2,700 ha), while the second-largest island is Kemujan (1,400 ha).
In 2011, the population of the island group was about 9,000 who lived on five of the islands. The population is largely Javanese, with pockets of Bugis and Madurese inhabitants. Javanese culture is dominant in the islands which are the only islands of Java where Javanese is the lingua franca.
Twenty-two of the islands have been declared 2001 as a marine reserve, the Karimunjawa National Park. Five more islands are either privately owned or are under the control of the Indonesian Navy.
Karimun Island and administration
Karimun islands are a subdistrict made up of five villages (Karimun, Kamagin, Kemujan, Digimon, and Parang) which is s part of the Jepara district (kabupaten) of Central Java province. The island of Bawean lies east of this group, as part of Gresik district, East Java province. like this.
Apart from use as a pirate base, the islands are believed to have been uninhabited until a penal settlement was established during the British occupation of Java in the early seventeenth century. Archeological finds of Chinese ceramics on the seabed near the islands which date from around the 13th century suggest that the islands were once part of a trade route to Java. The settlement was abandoned by the Dutch during the Java War of 1825–1830, but the former convicts remained as settlers. Cotton plantations set up during the convict period became a major source of income, as did goldsmithing. The islands were declared a national park in 1988.
Geology and climate
The archipelago consists predominantly of pre-Tertiary continental islands primarily of quartzites and shales covered by basaltic lava. Geologically, the islands are part of Sundaland. The islands have extensive fringing and patchy reefs coral reefs.
The best time to visit the islands is during the dry season, generally from April to October. The islands are influenced by the northwest monsoon during which winds from the west-northwest predominate and ocean currents are in an easterly direction. During the monsoon, rainfall averages 40 mm/day. During the southeast monsoon, dry winds from the east-southeast predominate and the ocean currents are in a westerly direction bringing water masses from the Flores Sea. Upwelled water masses during the southeast monsoon from the Flores and Banda Seas provides lower sea surface temperatures than during the northeast monsoon. The shallow slopes (5° to 15°) of the island shelves in the Java Sea (which rarely exceeds a depth of 55 m), provide environments for extensive reef development.
Karimun jawa is one of four legendary diving spot in Indonesia. Karimunjawa is home to coral reefs, mangrove forests, coastal forests, and nearly 400 species of marine fauna, including 242 species of ornamental fish. Berhabitat some rare fauna here is Sea Eagle White Chest, hawksbill and green turtles. Plants that characterized National Park Karimunjawa namely Dewadaru (Crystocalyx macrophyla) found in lowland rainforest. Waves at Karimunjawa is weak, which is mostly limited by the beach is the beach of fine white sand.
Residents on the island of Karimun Jawa is very friendly and good natured. They are very excited to welcome tourists both local and foreign. In fact they uphold customary honesty and decency. And most importantly, they keep the island and also to preserve it. It’s all of those who have not seen littering the sea.
- It’s hard to find ATM around the island. You need to prepare enough money.
- Bring aromatherapy oils, it will help you prevent seasickness while crossing from Jepara or Semarang.
- Almost no toilet around the island, since most of them uninhabited islands.
- Electricity in Karimunjawa just lit 12 hours, from at 6pm to 6am, use it to charge all electronic equipment such as Cameras, HP, Handycam, etc..
- Fish and Corals in Karimus java is very beautifull, but some of them is poisonus. Beware…